Roscoe Antique Mall
1019 Gardner St
South Beloit Il. 61080
We have the
of QUALITY ANTIQUES
in the Midwest!
Oct thru May 10:00 - 5:00 Daily
June thru Sept 9:00 - 5:00 Daily
Art Nouveau History
Peaking in popularity from 1890 to 1905, the Art Nouveau movement became popular internationally and ran concurrently with the Arts and Crafts movement. Unlike the Arts and Crafts ideals, it had no concern for social reform. Instead it challenged the clutter and eclecticism of mid-19th century European taste. Artists of the day worked on everything from furniture to architecture in an effort to make art part of everyday life characterizing the organic floral and other botanical themes. In addition, highly stylized rounded forms and designs using sinuous curved lines along with asymmetrical arrangements of forms and patterns. Most popular were the use of flowing curves, vines, lilies, etc. along with peacock feathers, insects, butterflies, etc. The Exposition Iniverselle of 1900 in Paris was the high point of the evolution of Art Nouveau.
French for new art, artist Alphonse Mucha in January of 1885 designed a poster featuring Sarah Bernhardt staring in the play Gismonda and the poster became an overnight sensation firing passion for the Art Nouveau style. Other styles, old or new, were not copied with the exception of the Japanese use of nature in design with their rhythmic floral patterns and are considered by many as foundation of Art Nouveaus language such as Japonisme.
The Art Nouveau style extended to items such as glass, jewelry, stained glass and artwork boasting artisans such as Velde, Tiffany, Galle, Beardsley and Mucha. Jewelry featured enameling; the introduction of opals and semi-precious stones along with horn and ivory all emphasizing the design instead of the materials used. In other areas iron and glass were often combined to generate a unique look unlike anything from the Victorian or Arts and Crafts eras.
The modernist styles of the 20th-century brought about a decrease in the popularity of Art Nouveau, however, it is still considered a very important in its contribution to history in art works, print and a myriad of structures.
Art Deco History
From the Paris Exposition Internationale des Arts Decoratifs at Indstriels Modernes of 1925, the term Art Deco was adopted directly from the title of the event. Arts Decoratifs or decorative arts, became the apex of the luxurious French Art Deco style. Although delayed by World War I, the style was so well received it emerged after the war encompassing fine furniture and interior design and was the hit of the 1925 Paris Exposition. Rainbows, flowing water, fountains, stylized bubbles, ferns and cornucopias were included in the designs of the early Art Deco artisans. The use of lines and bright colors were a direct import from Oriental designs, especially the Japanese. Egyptian motifs were widely incorporated after the discovery of King Tuts tome in 1922. Animals such as antelopes, gazelles, deer, horses, greyhounds, panthers, tigers, jaguars and leopards were used to a great extent. Designs were more rectilinear or geometric in theme all suggesting speed or movement. All of the items from this era remained popular throughout in period of 1918 to 1939 or between World War I and World War II.
The future seemed bright after World War I with the economy flourishing throughout the world, Jazz music the rage and women had won the right to vote with the flapper further liberating women. The Machine Age was at full steam and technological development rapidly improved the quality of live with the introduction of the skyscraper and the modernized transportation to name a few, excitement was in the air with the promise of a bright future.
Influence was worldwide giving the designs an eclectic appearance and mass appeal to the world. Sleek aesthetic, geometric and symmetrical shapes with bright and bold colors such as ruby, yellow, purple and turquoise were employed in everything from jewelry to buildings. Steel, lacquer and wood, especially mahogany was sometimes inlaid with ivory boasting patterns such as sunburst, chevrons and zigzags.
Sandwiched between two world wars, the stock market crashed triggering the Great Depression. Soon after, the sparkle of the Art Deco era with its broken promises, came to a screeching halt.